Religious conflicts in the U. One reality; two viewpoints: One remains faithful to the biblical truth and received teachings of the Church, while the other rejects them.
Watch Seven Churches on ADtv for more information. Pergamos also called Pergamon or Pergamum was situated 60 kilometres past Smyrna along the ancient Roman postal road. The name means "elevation" or "exalted. Pergamos inherited the ancient system of sun worship from Babylon.
According to Revelation 2: It was a center of ancient sun worship, and the place where the famous altar of Zeus stood Tolerance without compromise a terrace on the slopes of the mount. The leader of Pergamos used the same ancient title and vestments as Babylonian priests.
Excavations nearby have uncovered a vast complex which included two temples, a theater, and a medical library. Some of the most famous physicians practiced here.
The medical symbol was a serpent wrapped around a pole —very similar to the symbol representing medicine today. Nearby stood the world's second largest library after Alexandriawith a collection of somevolumes.
Historical Application When persecution could not rid the earth of Christianity, the great adversary turned to deception and compromise to rid the world of its influence. The letter rebuked the church of Pergamos for fraternizing with those who held the doctrines of Balaam and the Nicolaitans.
It was Balaam who led Israel to moral corruption, just before they were due to cross over the Jordan into the Promised Land. The Nicolaitans, a heretical sect who compromised with the pagan cults, had been rejected by the Ephesian church but were courted by the church of Pergamos.
A reconstruction of the Pergamon altar at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin. This was a period of deteriorating moral standards and doctrinal corruption. Satan had failed to destroy the Church through persecution so instead he endeavoured to destroy her through compromise.
Christian standards were lowered, and a union was formed between Christianity and paganism. It was during the Pergamos period that the Church adopted many pagan practices.
In his efforts to unite his empire in the early s, Emperor Constantine blended the interests of pagans and Christians. Foakes-Jackson declares, "In dealing with the Church, his object was gradually to transfer from heathenism to Christianity all that had hitherto made it attractive in the eyes of the people.
The Roman Catholic bishop then took the title upon himself, as the Catholic Church has done with many pagan sun worship symbols. The church in Pergamos represents this historical period of compromise. In exchange for religious tolerance and acceptance, the true principles of Christianity were sacrificed to accommodate pagan beliefs.
By the end of the period, in AD, Emperor Justinian decreed Christianity the official religion of the empire, joining church and state. In spite of this drift from the true faith of the early apostles, there were those who sought to maintain the true faith.
Foremost among them was Patrick, who, in the early years of the fifth century, established scores of churches out of which grew the Celtic Church.
This church held onto much of the true faith through the centuries of spiritual darkness that followed. The promise to the faithful of the Pergamos period was, "To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it" Revelation 2: The hidden manna is a reference to a new life in Christ.
The white stone is probably a symbol of freedom from the slavery of sin, and the new name represents the character transformed through the sanctifying power of the Holy Spirit.Get up to the minute breaking political news and in-depth analysis on ph-vs.com Regulatory T lymphocytes are essential to maintain homeostasis of the immune system, limiting the magnitude of effector responses and allowing the establishment of immunological tolerance.
Two main types of regulatory T cells have been identified—natural and induced (or adaptive)—and both play significant roles in tuning down effector immune responses.
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