Sponsored Links Leonardo da Vinci, his Life and Artworks Leonardo da Vinci was a true genius who graced this world with his presence from April 15, to May 2, He is among the most influential artists in history, having left a significant legacy not only in the realm of art but in science as well, each discipline informing his mastery of the other.
September 27, iStock Situated on a rocky outcrop above Athens, Greece, the Acropolis is a citadel featuring some of the greatest architecture of the classical world. Despite centuries of war, earthquakes, looting, and weathering in the open air, much of it still survives.
Here are 12 facts about the Acropolis of Athens. While the Athenian Acropolis is often what comes to mind when people hear the word acropolis, it is one of many acropoleis built across Greece.
High fortresses and temples known as acropoleis can also be found in the Greek cities of Argos, Thebes, Corinth, and others, each constructed as a center for local life, culture, and protection.
Humans have inhabited the limestone slopes of what became the Acropolis for centuries; they were likely drawn to the water from its natural springs. A series of shafts have also been discovered, with several vessels found in their deep chasms.
One theory is that the shafts were once wells, while another is that they were a site of ritual burial, since human bones were found among the objects buried within. From its central position above Athens, the Acropolis is perfectly positioned for strategic military defense—and its major initial structures were in fact focused on preparing for war.
Eventually the site would gain religious significance, with temples being added to the area. The project was led by architects Ictinus and Callicrates with the sculptor Phidias artist of the now-destroyed foot-tall Statue of Zeus at Olympia, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Thousands of laborers, artisans, and artists gathered on the hilltop, and completed the incredible project in just 50 years. The collection of buildings towering feet over the city announced that Athens was a center for Greek art, faith, and thought.
The golden age of Athenian power was brief, however. But the Acropolis would long outlive him. The Acropolis is the most complete surviving ancient Greek monumental complex, which is remarkable considering the centuries of natural disasters, war, and reconstruction.
Still, much of its ornamentation and art is now gone. One of these losses is a colossal statue of Athena once located inside the Parthenon. Known as Athena Parthenos, it stood almost 40 feet tall and was made from gold and ivory by the sculptor Phidias.
The statue disappeared in late antiquity, and was likely destroyed —but thanks to Roman replicaswe can still get an idea of what the Athena Parthenos looked like. To experience a facsimile of its full scale, however, you must travel to Nashville, Tennessee.
It was quarried at Mount Pentelicuslocated 10 miles to the northeast of Athens and famed for the uniformity of its white marble.
It was hard labor to quarry the marble, with stonemasons using iron wedges and mallets to pound apart blocks along their fissures. From Mount Pentelicus, workers used a downhill road to move the marble on its long journey to Athens, where they still had to get the rocks up the steep slopes of the Acropolis.
Although our vision of ancient Greece is often of gleaming white marble, the Parthenon, and other buildings at the Acropolis, were once colorful. Recent tests during laser cleaning of the Parthenon revealed shades of blue, red, and green.Horoscope and natal chart of Leonardo da Vinci, born on /04/ you will find in this page an excerpt of the astrological portrait and the interpration of the planetary dominants.
Jun 05, · Leonardo da Vinci is known to have been an inventive mastermind of the first order. But there is a slight hitch in this preconceived notion: It is a lie. Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist. He was one of the greatest minds of the Italian Renaissance, and his influence on painting was enormous to .
Watch video · A leading figure of the Italian Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci is best known for his works "The Last Supper" and the "Mona Lisa." Learn more about the artist at ph-vs.com Later Years After the downfall of his patron Ludovico Sforza in , Leonardo Da Vinci spent the first decade and a half of the cinquecento (16th-century) travelling around Italy, working for different masters.
Returning first to Florence in , he stayed at the monastery of Santissima Annunziata where, according to Giorgio Vasari () in his Lives of the Artists, Leonardo. Leonardo Da Vinci - The complete works, large resolution images, ecard, rating, slideshow and more!
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