These Africans had two great migrations East. And then making their way to South America - the remains called "Luzia" in Brazil. The second OOA migration event, saw Blacks from Africa; some with straight hair and "Mongol features" see; San people belowtake an "Inland route" through southern Asia and on up to China aboutB.
Appearance and character Figure of Attila in a museum in Hungary. He was haughty in his walk, rolling his eyes hither and thither, so that the power of his proud spirit appeared in the movement of his body.
He was indeed a lover of war, yet restrained in action, mighty in counsel, gracious to suppliants and lenient to those who were once received into his protection.
Short of stature, with a broad chest and a large head; his eyes were small, his beard thin and sprinkled with grey; and he had a flat nose and tanned skin, showing evidence of his origin. Maenchen-Helfen considered an East Germanic origin; Attila is formed from the Gothic or Gepidic noun atta, "father", by means of the diminutive suffix -ila, : What we have are Hunnic names in Germanic dress, modified to fit the Gothic tongue, or popular Gothic etymologies, or both".
Althof considered it was related to Turkish atli horseman, cavalieror Turkish at horse and dil tongue. The Rediscovery of Northern Cultures in the Nineteenth Centuryargued that the Gothic etymology is a product of 19th-century Germanic romantic philological revisionism. Of course we do not know how the name sounded in the language of the Huns.
Truly, our knowledge of the Hunnic language is almost zero. Historiography and source The historiography of Attila is faced with a major challenge, in that the only complete sources are written in Greek and Latin by the enemies of the Huns. He was obviously biased by his political position, but his writing is a major source for information on the life of Attila, and he is the only person known to have recorded a physical description of him.
He wrote a history of the late Roman Empire in eight books covering the period from to Marcellinus Comesa chancellor of Justinian during the same era, also describes the relations between the Huns and the Eastern Roman Empire.
The Hungarian writers of the 12th century wished to portray the Huns in a positive light as their glorious ancestors, and so repressed certain historical elements and added their own legends. Attila is a major character in many Medieval epics, such as the Nibelungenliedas well as various Eddas and sagas.
There are a few traces of battles and sieges, but today the tomb of Attila and the location of his capital have not yet been found.
Huns Huns in battle with the Alans.
An s engraving after a drawing by Johann Nepomuk Geiger — The Huns were a group of Eurasian nomadsappearing from east of the Volgawho migrated further into Western Europe c.
Their main military techniques were mounted archery and javelin throwing.
They were in the process of developing settlements before their arrival in Western Europe, yet the Huns were a society of pastoral warriors : The origin and language of the Huns has been the subject of debate for centuries.
According to some theories, their leaders at least may have spoken a Turkic languageperhaps closest to the modern Chuvash language. This form of diarchy was recurrent with the Huns, but historians are unsure whether it was institutionalized, merely customary, or an occasional occurrence.
His people were nomads who had only recently arrived in Europe. They were a very mobile people, whose mounted archers had acquired a reputation of invincibility, and the Germanic tribes seemed unable to withstand them.
Inthe Goths crossed the Danube, initially submitting to the Romans but soon rebelling against Emperor Valenswhom they killed in the Battle of Adrianople in Some were assimilated to Hunnic nationality, whereas many retained their own identities and rulers but acknowledged the suzerainty of the king of the Huns.
They exchanged ambassadors and hostages, the alliance lasting from to and permitting the Romans numerous military victories. The Huns had become a great power by the time that Attila came of age during the reign of his uncle Ruga, to the point that Nestoriusthe Patriarch of Constantinople, deplored the situation with these words: The Romans agreed to return the fugitives, to double their previous tribute of Roman pounds c.
The Huns, satisfied with the treaty, decamped from the Roman Empire and returned to their home in the Great Hungarian Plainperhaps to consolidate and strengthen their empire. The Huns remained out of Roman sight for the next few years while they invaded the Sassanid Empire. They were defeated in Armenia by the Sassanids, abandoned their invasion, and turned their attentions back to Europe.
Inthey reappeared in force on the borders of the Roman Empire, attacking the merchants at the market on the north bank of the Danube that had been established by the treaty.The Term "Byzantine Empire" The name Byzantine Empire is derived from the original Greek name for Constantinople; Byzantium.
The name is a modern term and would have been alien to its contemporaries. Concerning the Origin of Peoples. The Ancient Identity of Hungarians The Hungarian-Hebrew Connexion - An essay realized with the valuable contribution of the Hungarian scholar Hargita Csaba -.
The central tenet of Christianity is the belief in Jesus as the Son of God and the Messiah (Christ). Christians believe that Jesus, as the Messiah, was anointed by God as savior of humanity and hold that Jesus' coming was the fulfillment of messianic prophecies of the Old ph-vs.com Christian concept of the Messiah differs significantly from the .
The following is a capsule summary of the top 25 events in the History of Christianity, events which shaped the Church itself, Christian civilization, and the modern world. Barbarian migrations and invasions The Germans and Huns. The wanderings of the Germanic peoples, which lasted until the early Middle Ages and destroyed the Western Roman Empire, were, together with the migrations of the Slavs, formative elements of the distribution of peoples in modern ph-vs.com Germanic peoples originated about bce from the superimposition, on a population of .
Goths. Vandals. Lombardi: The Germanic Tribes, and Huns. F. Roy Willis, Professor of History University of California. Robert A. Guisepi, Historian and Editor.