Published online September 28,
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine if Korean adults meet their physical activity recommendations during their leisure time to promote a healthy living.
The author used a quota sampling technique to select 1, samples. The other interesting finding was that the questionnaire is a useful instrument suitable for analyzing the recommendations of physical activity, comprising frequency, intensity, time, and overall duration.
Presently, Korean society is moving towards a sedentary lifestyle, and there is a need to increase physical activity levels during leisure time to promote health.
The surge of academic and professional interest in the effects of physical activity has resulted in a large amount of literature on interventions and guidelines for physical activity.
In addition, epidemiological studies have reported a reduction in incidences of cardiovascular diseases in more physically fit people 12and a reduction of atherosclerotic risk factors in more physically active people 345. Other studies have consistently documented the positive effects of exercise on depression 678body image 91011and life satisfaction and social interaction Since there are positive effects of physical activity on health status resulting from participating regularly in physical activity, promoting higher levels of physical activity during leisure time is often emphasized.
Many nations have developed recommendations for physical activity for health purposes The recommendations deal with guidance on the dose-response relationship between the frequency, duration, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for the prevention of non-communicable diseases and the overall general health of the population.
It is recommended that Korean adults should complete at least 30 minutes of at least moderate activity on three or more days a week There are various guidelines as to how often one should exercise to improve or maintain health or physical fitness.
Although the recommendations remain controversial, measurements of habitual physical activity have become an interesting and important topic of study. Therefore, many countries of the OECD estimate physical activity levels, describe the prevalence of physical inactivity, and analyze this information to identify health promotion strategies that would have the maximum benefits.
Several different ways of measuring habitual physical activity have been developed. These include the direct calorimetry test, which is the ingestion of doubly labeled water and the use of motion sensors, accelerometers, heart rate recorders, oxygen consumptions meters, direct observation of movement, assessments of food intake, and questionnaire assessments 151617 Among these, questionnaires have become the most feasible way of measuring physical activity levels in large populations.
A common problem with physical activity questionnaires is that they have limited reliability and validity. However, a simple questionnaire assessment of physical activity levels is still considered to be more appropriate than attempting to estimate the overall energy expenditures of people in large populations Furthermore, because much of the literature concerning physical activity questionnaires is based on guidelines for exercise 1520quantification of the level of intensity, frequency, and the duration of physical activity that is performed is needed.
Especially, the scarcity of data from a simple questionnaire based on guidelines or recommendations of physical activity requires researchers to monitor physical activity at a population level using the basic principles of intensity, frequency, time, and overall duration.
Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if Korean adults meet physical activity recommendations during leisure time to promote a healthy living. The author used a quota sampling technique to select representative samples.
First, the author randomly selected one senior center, one residential culture center, a YWCA center, and one sports center in K City. These centers are public locations where members of the community tend to gather for different recreational programs such as various sports, different activities in fitness gyms, social support, painting, and public information.
Second, the author randomly selected samples from each of the centers. Of the 1, questionnaires distributed, questionnaires were returned, but 55 questionnaires were deemed unusable because of duplicate or incomplete responses.
The respondents ranged in age from 20 to 80 years old. The questionnaires consisted of questions on: Types of recreational activities involved a simple five-item question on recreational activities based on previous studies 2021 The first question identified the type of recreational activity the adults participated in during their leisure time.
An expert panel in the field of sports and recreation was invited to classify the activities into five different types of recreational activities.
The categorizations of recreational activities were aerobic exercise and sports walking, biking, jogging, swimming, aerobics, basketball, softball, soccer, golf, table tennis, badminton, football, etcflexibility exercises stretching, yoga, Pilates, calisthenics, etcmuscular exercises weight training, free weight trainingarts and cultural activities reading, writing, playing cards, dance and music, etcand simple entertainments spectator sports, movies, television, etc.
For each item, a 5-point Likert-type response format was used with values ranging from 1 to 5. To determine the physical activity index, the response for frequency, intensity, and duration were summed, then the sum scores were multiplied by the scale score for the overall duration of the activity.
Finally, the physical activity index was divided into five categories: The specific cut-offs used for classification of the physical activity index were: Higher scores indicated higher activity levels during their leisure time.
The average inter-item correlation for the recreational activity level questionnaire was 0. To ensure content and internal validity, an item pool was generated.Understanding attitudes towards leisure travel masters thesis. Carmen Tideswell is a senior lecturer in market-ing in the Graduate College of Management at Southern Cross University.
Her research inter- segments of the Korean senior market and exploreeachsegment’stravelrequirements.
METHOD. News, sports, features, obituaries, advertising, and special South korean elderly leisure thesis online features from the city's contest deadline essay international june daily newspaper via ProFootballTalk; Junior 😈💯 daniel gilbert reporting live from tomorrow essay @HeadHunterr This paper reports the findings from a survey of seniors in South Korea.
Participation in 20 different leisure activities, pre- and post-retirement, and levels of life satisfaction, again pre- and post-retirement, were measured.
The analysis distinguishes leisure activities that were tending to boost, from those that were trending to diminish life satisfaction.
Understanding healthy ageing in the Korean rural and urban elderly: an application of Rowe and Kahn ’s model of successful ageing School of Medicine Griffith University A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy January South Korea (Oral presentation).
International Union for. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the particular types of leisure activities and physical and mental health and life satisfaction among Western migrants who moved to South Korea. The total of Western migrants participated in this study.
The result of this study. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning of the life experiences of the elderly in their leisure activities. It was done to provide fundamental data for .