History[ edit ] The phenomenon was first investigated and described by Luke Howard in the s, although he was not the one to name the phenomenon.
Dedicated page In August I wrote a dedicated page on this subjectparticularly on my persona experience having a home in a town where two nearby wind farms have been proposed.
The claim that a proposed wind farm will cause social conflict is used by opponents as an argument against wind power; A proposed wind farm does sometimes, not always, cause disagreement among the local people; disagreement is not social conflict; Unscrupulous and dishonest people spreading misinformation about wind farms can certainly increase the disagreement; I have a house in Crystal Brook where at different times two wind farms have been proposed; I certainly have seen disagreement, but nothing that I would call social conflict; see below for more information.
The objection to wind farms on the grounds that they cause social conflict is something of a self-fulfilling prophecy; the harder the opponents work at producing objections most often based on exaggerations, misinformation and downright lies the more likely it is that something like social conflict will arise.
Misinformation and lies may cause social conflict Wind farm developments have few disadvantages for a hosting community and many benefitsbut some people have been very effective in spreading misinformation about wind farms while others have been very effective in causing quite unjustified fear regarding wind turbines and health.
These people produce fear and misconceptions about wind farms and this can then lead to social conflict when a wind farm is proposed. Wind turbines and health Interestingly, I can write in mid that a large part of the concern with a proposed nearby wind farm has related to "wind turbine syndrome": However, by this delusion seems to have run its course and is rarely mentioned any more.
Sweeping generalisations and unjustified claims One wind farm opponent in the Darlington area of Victoria has made credible claims of unscrupulous behaviour by one wind farm developer. He goes on to claim that the whole industry is corrupt and wind power is a scam.
There are many people involved in the wind power industry, it would be surprising if they were all honest and ethical people.
One or two unethical developers is not proof of a corrupt industry. Even more, the presence of some bad people in the industry is not evidence that there is anything wrong with the principle of renewable wind energy.
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If there is ever social conflict I believe it is caused by dishonest wind farm opponents telling lies about wind farms and wind energy. The following are some examples of where there has been negligible disagreement in my region of South Australia alone: On those occasions when disagreement and what possibly may be called conflict have arisen, from my experience it is the spreading of misinformation and unfounded rumours about wind turbines that has been the cause.
But there was something that might be called conflict when another wind farm, the Ceres Project, was proposed in between Wattle Point and Snowtown.
An active and particularly dishonest opposition group played a big part in this. On the other hand there is social conflict concerning wind farms such as Mount Bryana little further to the north-east, and Waubrain Victoria. So, there have been a number of wind farms built without social conflict.
Social conflict only happens when people oppose wind farm projects and opposition often arises in response to misinformation about wind power. The arguments for and against proposed wind farms do, no doubt, cause enmities. The fact is that any industrial development, especially a conspicuous one, is likely to lead to disagreement in some cases.
Disagreement is not conflict. People within a community have always disagreed about many things.Get Full Text in PDF. Table of Contents. Introduction; Tools and Measures; Measures of National Income; Need for New Theory; Measures and Indicators; Characteristics of a Successful Indicator.
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