Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. He does this by explaining the results of his experiment that he devised to observe to what extent conformity occurs.
Method[ edit ] One of the pairs of cards used in the experiment. The card on the left has the reference line and the one on the right shows the three comparison lines. InSolomon Asch conducted his first conformity laboratory experiments at Swarthmore Collegelaying the foundation for his remaining conformity studies.
The experiment was published on two occasions. The actors knew the true aim of the experiment, but were introduced to the subject as other participants. Each student viewed a card with a line on it, followed by another with three lines labeled A, B, and C see accompanying figure.
One of these lines was the same as that on the first card, and the other two lines were clearly longer or shorter i. Each participant was then asked to say aloud which line matched the length of that on the first card. Before the experiment, all actors were given detailed instructions on how they should respond to each trial card presentation.
They would always unanimously nominate one comparator, but on certain trials they would give the correct response and on others, an incorrect response. The group was seated such that the real participant always responded last. Subjects completed 18 trials.
On the first two trials, both the subject and the actors gave the obvious, correct answer. On the third trial, the actors would all give the same wrong answer. This wrong-responding recurred on 11 of the remaining 15 trials. Subjects were interviewed after the study including being debriefed about the true purpose of the study.
These post-test interviews shed valuable light on the study: In total, there were 50 subjects in the experimental condition and 37 in the control condition. The responses revealed strong individual differences: Only 5 percent of participants were always swayed by the crowd.
An examination of all critical trials in the experimental group revealed that one-third of all responses were incorrect. These incorrect responses often matched the incorrect response of the majority group i. The "independent" subject said that he felt happy and relieved and added, "I do not deny that at times I had the feeling: Attitudes of independent responders[ edit ] Subjects who did not conform to the majority reacted either with "confidence": These later subjects stuck with their perception, but did not experience conflict in doing so.
Some participants also exhibited "doubt", responding in accordance with their perception, but questioning their own judgment while nonetheless sticking to their correct response, expressing this as needing to behave as they had been asked to do in the task.
Among the other participants who yielded on some trials, most expressed what Asch termed "distortion of judgment. These individuals were characterised by low levels of confidence.
The final group of participants who yielded on at least some trials exhibited a "distortion of action". There are six actors and one real participant second to last person sitting to the right of the table. In subsequent research experiments, Asch explored several variations on the paradigm from his study.
Asch also experimented with adding a second "real" participant. In he reported on work with male students from three different universities. The principal difference is that the paper includes an elaborate account of his interviews with participants. Across all these papers, Asch found the same results: Presence of a true partner Asch found that the presence of a "true partner" a "real" participant or another actor told to give the correct response to each question decreased conformity.In her essay titled "Group Minds", Doris Lessing claims that as a society we have enough knowledge about conformity to do something about it, yet we choose not to.
Although Doris Lessing and Solomon Asch both suggest that people desire independence yet yield to conformity, Asch's experiment adds specificity to Lessing's claims. Solomon Asch. Free coursework on Ethical Issues Arising From The Study Of Social Influence from ph-vs.com, the UK essays company for essay, dissertation and coursework writing.
In psychology, the Asch conformity experiments or the Asch Paradigm refers to a series of studies directed by Solomon Asch studying if and how individuals yielded to or defied a majority group and the effect of such influences on beliefs and opinions.
Evaluating the Asch Experiment Essay. B. Pages:3 Words This is just a sample.
To get a unique essay. a series of experiments were performed by psychologist Solomon Asch on the effects peer pressure can have on someone that would otherwise be stalwart in their judgment.
In the experiment, a group of young men were shown a line with. Abstract Solomon Asch was a social psychologist that worked on issue of conformity.
Solomon Asch Conformity Experiments Social psychology looks at a wide range of social topics, including group behavior, social perception, leadership, nonverbal behavior, conformity, aggression, and prejudice. 3/5(5). Comparitive Critique of Doris Lessing's article "Group Minds" and Solomon Asch's experiment.
Words Nov 19th, 9 Pages Social influences shape every person's practices, judgments, and beliefs.