Robot Reader gives children the core skills they need to be confident, successful readers. Teaching Methods The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates.
Soon after French was the popular choice where second languages were concerned. English as a second language gained importance not so long ago, in the mid nineteenth century.
Before the late nineteenth century, second-language instruction followed what was called a Classical Method of teaching.
Latin and Greek lessons were based on repetition drills and students were asked to read translations of ancient texts. The benefit of using this method is to immerse the students in English. This is done by providing demonstrations on how to use the language with the the help of realia and visual aids.
The teachers who use this method teach grammar inductively, in other words, the rules of grammar are not taught directly. Grammar rules are avoided as much as possible and there is emphasis on good pronunciation.
Teaching with this method is performed entirely in the target language and students are discouraged from using their native language. It held that language learning is a kind of behavior, similar to other types of human activity. According to the behaviorist theory, teachers elicit responses through stimuli.
The response is reinforced by the teacher and if this reinforcement is positive, it encourages the repetition of the response in the future. In essence, it relies on the idea that learning a language is like acquiring habits.
For audiolinguism, language learning requires students to master the building blocks of the language and learn the rules they need to know to successfully combine these basic elements.
Typically, there is a great deal of practice through dialogs and conversations. New language is first heard and extensively drilled before being seen in its written form. Dialogs and drills are central to the approach.
Accurate pronunciation and control of structure are of paramount importance. It is also closely associated with theories of mother language acquisition in very young children, where they respond physically to parental commands.
TPR as an approach to teaching a second language is based, first and foremost, on listening and this is linked to physical actions which are designed to reinforce comprehension of particular basic items.
Views on language learning have changed a great deal in recent years. It is now seen as interactions of the learner and those who use the language. Language is used to create purposeful and meaningful interactions. Also, learners are able to experiment with different ways to say something.
The focus of communicative language learning is to enable learners to communicate effectively and appropriately in the various situations they would likely find themselves in.
The task in itself is interesting to the learners and they need to use the language they already have to complete it. More attention is placed on the use of the language and not much on accuracy. Language is the instrument the students use to complete the task.
It is an activity in which students use language to achieve a specific outcome.
The activity reflects real life and learners focus on meaning, they are free to use any language they want.
Some great examples of tasks are playing games, finding information and even solving problems. By using them, students will generate their own language and create an opportunity for language acquisition 6 The Natural Approach It is a language teaching approach which claims that languages are learned the same way people naturally acquire their native language.
It focuses on the similarities between learning the first and second languages and adheres to the communicative approach to teaching. In this approach, students learn by being exposed to language that is comprehensible or made comprehensible to them.
In this approach communication is considered the primary function of language therefore it focuses on teaching communicative abilities. In other words, language is viewed as a vehicle for communicating meaning and messages and vocabulary is very important to achieve this.
So, this means that language acquisition takes place when the learner understands messages in the target language and has developed sufficient vocabulary. In fact it, according to the Natural approach, should be easier to reconstruct a message containing just vocabulary items than one containing just the grammatical structures.
Second-language teaching has definitely come a long way and considering how much we know now, it has a long way to go still. It is hard to say which method or approach is the best.
Different students and needs may require you use more than just one, even at a time. The trend has been toward combining different methods and approaches, and this is probably the healthiest approach for it accommodates many styles of learning. Also, it allows teachers to decide which elements are most effective and which of them really work in the classroom.
If you combine methods, you take the best that each has to offer, after all, teaching languages is not easy.This module provides a description of the basic principles and procedures of the most recognized and commonly used approaches and methods for teaching a second or foreign language.
English Teaching Methods Throughout the history of teaching languages a number of different teaching approaches and methodologies have been tried and tested .
DM? CLT? TPR? 6 Most Popular ESL Teaching Methods, And Which One You Should Be Using. by Andrea Pesce 31, views. became more and more important to those who wanted or needed to study other languages and that's when many of the different Theories of second-language acquisition began to appear.
Find Your Teaching Method. 1. Everything you need to be a successful English as a Second Language teacher for students of all ages and skill levels.
Includes teaching theory, information on teaching certificates and qualifications, plus detailed guidance on how to help students develop writing, reading, vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation skills.
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As an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher, you must learn to constantly adapt to your students' needs. Many times, this means dealing with a variety of problems in the classroom, many of which are all too.