An analysis of theories of humour perspectives and changes that occur in humour

Philosophers are concerned with what is important in life, so two things are surprising about what they have said about humor. The first is how little they have said. From ancient times to the 20th century, the most that any notable philosopher wrote about laughter or humor was an essay, and only a few lesser-known thinkers such as Frances Hutcheson and James Beattie wrote that much.

An analysis of theories of humour perspectives and changes that occur in humour

Results succeeded to analyze the texts using the General Theory of Verbal Humor GTVH and all the Knowledge Resources KR were given to understand why the text is funny from a linguistic perspective; it was also noted, that for some scenes, the viewer required certain information given to him before to be able to come up with the second script that would make the text humorous.

What it takes to get a joke

Humor is found in our everyday lives, from daily interaction with other people to the things we read, watch, and hear. The capacity of humor is universal and most people enjoy laughing at funny situations, things, people, and many are certainly willing to pay for this kind of entertainment.

This may be one of the reasons mass media invests yearly extremely large amounts of money directed to the sole purpose of making audiences around the world laugh. Even though humor as a concept is universal, the kinds of humor that each individual finds funny may vary due to individual differences such as culture, beliefs, time, experience, psychology, situation, society, and etcetera.

Raskin Sharing most, or all, of these characteristics makes humor more effective but these are not necessarily a requirement for something to be funny, since there are universal jokes that work despite all of these individual differences in its audience.

An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.

Raskin In this project, the aspect of culture is important, because it is an American sitcom the subject of analysis; according to Hu This influence, especially that from T. Redfield, Linton and Herskovitz as cited in Nguyen, refer to the process of acculturation as a change that results from continuous contact with a different culture p.

This aspect may help audiences throughout the world grasp humor in American sitcoms in a better way, but understanding the culture, though helpful, does not necessarily make a text humorous, because there are many other aspect that are not necessarily culture bound, especially from a linguistic point of view.

Since the study of humor can be done from many different disciplines such as psychology, philosophy, anthropology, and etcetera, it is useful to make clear that the aim of this project is that of linguistic analysis and will view humor as a linguistic phenomenon according to verbal theories of humor that will be discussed later.

To be able to analyze humor in a sitcom it is necessary to first understand what is humor and how it works, a brief explanation of humor will be helpful to understanding the whole study.

Raskin makes a similar statement when he claims that in most, or all, cases humor requires at least two participants to be effective, but he notes that in this electronic age, the participants do not need to be physically present.

An analysis of theories of humour perspectives and changes that occur in humour

The context in which the text happens is also very important and, for humor, it can range from the most casual context to the most serious one like death, illnesses, and etcetera. Ross, Humor has also a stimulus, which is something that does not match with the usual characteristics of something else.

Leacock as cited in Raskin, states that humor happens in circumstances where one experiences an incongruous circumstance that crashes with the usual, but is not sufficiently harsh or painful to overweigh the pleasure of watching it.

Philosophy of Humor (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Many authors Morreall, ; Raskin, ; Attardo, ; Ross, consider that there are three major theories of humor: The incongruity theory, the superiority or disparagement theory, and the release theories. This theory refers mainly to the psychological aspect of feeling liberated by laughter.

When a nervous energy is caused by restrains, prohibitions, mysterious issues, or taboos the person feels more curious about these things and mentioning them can become humorous.

Taboos such as sex, and violence trigger humor when they are broken because, according to this theory all the repression that they have caused on people is released and results in laughter.

Humor Theories and the Physiological Benefits of Laughter | Julia Wilkins - ph-vs.com

Coined by Raskin this theory has two conditions: Speakers according to social conventions as well as personal experiences, backgrounds, and culture internalize scripts in their brains. Every script is related and evoked by a series of different lexical items, i.

An analysis of theories of humour perspectives and changes that occur in humour

If the hearer believes the speaker is in a Bona-Fide mode of communication, i. This revised version is more complete because it includes some aspects that had not been considered in the SSTH and can be expanded to verbal humor in general and not only to jokes.

Looks for the opposing scripts in the text. The most common logical mechanisms can be: Refers roughly to the place, the participants, and the background where the joke happens. Garcia Teruel, Jokes can rely greatly on this KR or not, it depends on the nature of the joke.Three traditional theories of laughter and humor are examined, along with the theory that humor evolved from mock-aggressive play in apes.

Understanding humor as play helps counter the traditional objections to it and reveals some of its benefits, including those it shares with philosophy itself.

The "superiority theory" - propounded in various forms by Plato, Hobbes and Bergson - locates the essence of humour in the "sudden glory" (Hobbes) we feel when, say, we see Bill Gates get hit in.

He used humor not to entertain, but to change the reader's political views. The ability of humor to change (or attempt to change) our beliefs deserves explanation. (10) Of course not all humor appears in linguistic garb.

One may find a cartoon or a silent film humorous. Since the study of humor can be done from many different disciplines such as psychology, philosophy, anthropology, and etcetera, it is useful to make clear that the aim of this project is that of linguistic analysis and will view humor as a linguistic phenomenon according to verbal theories of humor that will be discussed later.

Solomon's analysis of the Three Stooges is not a full-blown theory of humor, in that it does not make any pronouncements about the necessary or sufficient conditions of humor; however, it is a theory of humor in the sense that it suggests a possible source of humor or what humor can be and how it might function.

Since the study of humor can be done from many different disciplines such as psychology, philosophy, anthropology, and etcetera, it is useful to make clear that the aim of this project is that of linguistic analysis and will view humor as a linguistic phenomenon according to verbal theories of humor that will be discussed later.

Humor | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy