In the 2nd century Irenaeus addressed the issue and expounded on some attributes, e.
Biblical criticism Biblical criticism, in particular higher criticism, covers a variety of methods used since the Enlightenment in the early 18th century as scholars began to apply to biblical documents the same methods and perspectives which had already been applied to other literary and philosophical texts.
It uses general historical principles, and is based primarily on reason rather than revelation or faith. There are four primary types of biblical criticism: Textual criticism Within the abundance of biblical manuscripts exist a number of textual variants.
The vast majority of these textual variants are the inconsequential misspelling of words, word order variations  and the mistranscription of abbreviations.
Ehrman have proposed that some of these textual variants and interpolations were theologically motivated. WallaceCraig Blombergand Thomas Howe. In modern translations of the Bible, the results of textual criticism have led to certain verses being left out or marked as not original.
These possible later additions include the following: Verses in which any one of the seven editions differs by a single word are not counted. This result is quite amazing, demonstrating a far greater agreement among the Greek texts of the New Testament during the past century than textual scholars would have suspected… In the GospelsActsand Revelation the agreement is less, while in the letters it is much greater.
That is, whether the Masoretic text which forms the basis of the Protestant Old Testamentor other translations such as the SeptuagintSyriac Peshittaand Samaritan Pentateuch are more accurate. The Bible and History and Internal consistency and the Bible Inconsistencies have been pointed out by critics and skeptics,  presenting as difficulties the different numbers and names for the same feature and different sequences for what is supposed to be the same event.
Responses to these criticisms include the modern documentary hypothesistwo-source hypothesis in various guisesand assertions that the Pastoral Epistles are pseudonymous. Contrasting with these critical stances are positions supported by traditionalists, considering the texts to be consistent, with the Torah written by a single source,   but the Gospels by four independent witnesses,  and all of the Pauline Epistles, except possibly the Hebrewsas having been written by Paul the Apostle.
While consideration of the context is necessary when studying the Bible, some find the accounts of the Resurrection of Jesus within the four Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, difficult to reconcile. Sanders concludes that the inconsistencies make the possibility of a deliberate fraud unlikely: Instead, there seems to have been a competition: VIII Those who believe in the inspiration of scripture teach that it is infallible or inerrantthat is, free from error in the truths it expresses by its character as the word of God.
Infallibility refers to the original texts of the Bible, and all mainstream scholars acknowledge the potential for human error in transmission and translation; yet, through use textual criticism modern critical copies are considered to "faithfully represent the original", : X and our understanding of the original language sufficiently well for accurate translation.
The opposing view is that there is too much corruption, or translation too difficult, to agree with modern texts. Unfulfilled Christian religious predictions God reveals himself to Abraham in scripture and he is seen here with three angels. By Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.
Hundreds of years before the time of Jesus, Jewish prophets promised that a messiah would come. Judaism claims that Jesus did not fulfill these prophecies. Other skeptics usually claim that the prophecies are either vague or unfulfilled,  or that the Old Testament writings influenced the composition of New Testament narratives.
He did not deliver the covenant people from their Gentile enemies, reassemble those scattered in the Diaspora, restore the Davidic kingdom, or establish universal peace cf. Instead of freeing Jews from oppressors and thereby fulfilling God's ancient promises—for land, nationhood, kingship, and blessing—Jesus died a "shameful" death, defeated by the very political powers the Messiah was prophesied to overcome.
Indeed, the Hebrew prophets did not foresee that Israel's savior would be executed as a common criminal by Gentiles, making Jesus' crucifixion a "stumbling block" to scripturally literate Jews. He systematically identified a number of inconsistencies in the New Testamentcontradictions between the New Testament and the Old Testamentand Old Testament prophesies which remained unfulfilled in Jesus' lifetime.What is the nature of God in Christianity?
2. Is God one or three (Trinity)? 3. Is Jesus equal with God?
4. Is Jesus God or part of God? 5. Is Jesus a son of man or son of God?
analysis, and study. The intent of this work is to honestly and sincerely present the truth that I found, not to hurt the feelings of anyone. Now let us turn to.
God in Christianity is the eternal being who created and preserves all things. Christians believe God to be both transcendent (wholly independent of, and removed from, but accept that God's divine Nature was hypostatically united to human nature in the person of Jesus Christ.
The Mere Christianity Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis, character list, theme list, historical context, author biography and quizzes written by community members like you. Study of the nature of God and beliefs. Ordain. To be able to make someone a priest or minister.
Hymn. A Christian understanding of God is unique, distinct, and unlike any other concept of God. It is different from the Jewish understanding of Jehovah, and unlike the Islamic understanding of Allah, even though these theological concepts are also monotheistic.
This five-session course is by John Piper, the pastor of preaching at Bethlehem Baptist Church in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He has written numerous books including, Desiring God, Don't Waste Your. This in turn has consequences for doctrines of salvation, and of the nature and mission of the church, its rituals and its sacraments.
Even within Christianity, however, there have been and still are serious doctrinal differences on all these matters.