Whaling for meat, oil, or whalebone was not a new, but explosive harpoons and industrial factory ships plundering the seas for whales, were.
History[ edit ] Carl Anton Larsen[ edit ] Photograph of Solveig Jacobsen standing with her dog in front of a whale on the Grytviken flensing plan, taken by Magistrate Edward Binnie in The whalers used every part of the animals — the blubber, meat, bones and viscera were rendered to extract the oil, and the bones and meat were turned into fertiliser and fodder.
Elephant seals were also hunted for their blubber. Around men worked at the station during its heyday, operating during the southern summer from October to March. A few remained over the winter to maintain the boats and factory.
Every few months a transport ship would bring essential supplies to the station and take away the oil and other produce. The following year the Argentine Government established a meteorological station. In his application for British citizenship, filed with the magistrate of South Georgia and granted inCaptain Larsen wrote: Whaling station Grytviken in Several more children have been born on South Georgia: The whale population in the seas around the island was substantially reduced over the following sixty years until the station closed in Decemberby which time the whale stocks were so low that their continued exploitation was unviable.
Even now, the shore around Grytviken is littered with whale bones and the rusting remains of whale oil processing plants and abandoned whaling ships. Ernest Shackleton[ edit ] Shackleton 's grave in Grytviken. Grytviken is closely associated with the explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton. Shackleton and five other men managed to reach the southern coast of South Georgia in the James Caird.
They arrived at Cave Coveand camped at Peggotty Blufffrom where they trekked to Stromness on the northeast coast. From Grytviken, Shackleton organised a rescue operation to bring home the remaining men. He again returned to Grytviken, but posthumously.
In he had died unexpectedly from a heart attack at the beginning of another Antarctic expedition. His widow chose South Georgia as his final resting place. His grave is located south of Grytviken, alongside those of whalers who had died on the island. It just took them a long time getting there.
The losses suffered at Grytviken prevented Argentina from occupying the rest of the island,[ citation needed ] with Bird Island base, and field camps at Schlieper BayLyell Glacier and St. Andrew's Bay remaining under British control.
The Argentine garrison in Grytviken surrendered without returning fire. The following day the detachment in Leith Harbour commanded by Captain Alfredo Astiz also surrendered.
One prisoner, Felix Artuso, was shot when guards mistakenly believed he was trying to sabotage the Santa Fe, and was buried at Grytviken Cemetery.
Grytviken is a popular stop for cruise ships visiting Antarctica, and tourists usually land to visit Shackleton's grave. The South Georgia Museum is housed in the manager's house of the former whaling station, and is open during the summer tourist season. The station's church is the only building which retains its original purpose, and is still used occasionally for services.
Jones and Vera Riches.
Panorama view of Grytviken.Antarctic whaling began on a large scale in with the building of a whale processing station at Grytviken, South Georgia. A number of shore-based stations were in operation under some kind of regulation on the catches very shortly after this. The American whaling fleet expanded its operations throughout the world’s oceans, including the whale-rich waters of the Arctic and Antarctic.
Whaling in the United States hit its peak in the mids. The rest of the whale were left for sharks and other creatures.
The whale population again dwindled and new hunting areas had to be found. The Antarctic turned out to be teeming with whales. In , whaling along the coast of Southern Africa was halted.
In , President Eduardo Frei Montalva, declared November 6, as Chilean Antarctic Day; since then, every year Chile through INACH, celebrate it.. The “Instituto Antártico Chileno” (Chilean Antarctic Institute/INACH) is a technical organization of the Chilean Ministry of Foreign Affairs, with complete autonomy in scientific, technical and outreach Antarctic activities.
The history of Antarctica emerges from early Western theories of a vast continent, known as Terra Australis, These developments also concerned Norwegian whaling interests, who wished to avoid the British taxation of whaling stations in the Antarctic and were concerned that they would be commercially excluded from the continent.
Essay title: A Brief History of Antarctic Whaling The introduction of the factory ships into the fleets of existing commercial whaling operations in brought with it increased catches of predominantly blue whales due to their large size and yield of whale oil derived from the blubber that insulates whales in .